Philippe Jacques DeLoutherbourg (1740-1812), a French artist, created spectacular effects of places and weather through
light, sound, murals and music. He was the first to use ground rows, small pieces of senery flats to create a look of depth.
He also used miniatures to depict battle scenes, marching armies, and sailing vessels at far away distances. He redid lighting
systems and installed overhead battens, large drum shaped scopes. He also used silk screnes ang gauze curtains to gain subtle
color changes in the light to simulate weather conditions and times of the day. By 1770, he gained control over color, in
1745, theatre spent 340 pounds on lighting systems, which jumped to 1,470 pounds in 1770.